In some cases, individuals charged on drug offenses in New York may be eligible to participate in drug treatment court, which is a drug diversion program. Reportedly, there are 146 courts operating in the state, and they permit certain non-violent drug offenders to have their charges reduced in exchange for participating in court-supervised drug treatment programs.
The basic concept behind the drug treatment courts began in 1989, when jurists in Miami noticed that there was a positive correlation between drug addiction and criminal drug charges. Policymakers created drug diversion programs with the hope that law enforcement officials, prosecutors, criminal defense attorneys and drug treatment specialists would work together to fight the root cause of drug-related crimes. As of Aug. 1, 2014, there have been 85,415 people in New York accepted into these programs through drug treatment courts, reportedly.